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Expert characteristics: implications for expert systems

Book ChapterPhilosophy (Epistemology/Ethics)Selected publications
Konstantinos G. Papageorgiou
Papageorgiou, K. G. (in press), in Vlamos, P. (ed.) GeNeDis 2020: Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (Series: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology). Springer International Publishing
Publication year: 2022

While expert systems are Artificial Intelligence (AI) agents, they share many common characteristics with human experts. As technology progresses, such systems are not just able to make simple decisions following “simplistic” linear logical protocols; they “behave” as real experts in at least two ways: by demonstrating superb decision-making skills and by conforming to the social norms for expertise, i.e. they “feel” as human experts. A review of the common characteristics of human experts may have important implications for the direction of the development for such systems. Implications for bioinformatics and future research (esp. concerning the accompanying concept of “expert generalist”) are also discussed.

EML cover

Verification in theory and in the sciences

Journal articlePhilosophy (Epistemology/Ethics)Selected publications
Konstantinos G. Papageorgiou, Demetrios E. Lekkas
Papageorgiou, K. and Lekkas, D. (2020), Epistēmēs Metron Logos, (3), pp. 25–48. doi: 10.12681/eml.22106.
Publication year: 2020

In this work, we undertake the task of laying out some basic considerations towards straightening out the foundations of an abstract logical system. We venture to explain what theory is as well as what is not theory, to discriminate between the roles of truth in theory and in reality, as well as to open the road towards clarifying the relationship between theory and the real world. Etymological, cultural and conceptual analyses of truth are brought forth in order to reveal problems in modern approaches and to set the stage for more consistent solutions. One such problem addressed here is related to negation per se, to its asymmetry towards affirmative statements and to the essential ramifications of this duality with respect to the common perceptual and linguistic aspects of words indicating concepts akin to truth in various languages and to attitudes reflected and perpetuated in them and to their consequent use in attempted informal or formal logic and its understanding. Finally, a case study invoking the causes or “causes” of gravity both clarifies and reinforces the points made in this paper.

Towards the model of contributory expert generalists

Journal articlePhilosophy (Epistemology/Ethics)Selected publications
Konstantinos G. Papageorgiou
Konstantinos G. Papageorgiou. (in press). Towards the model of contributory expert generalists. Arhe.
Publication year: 2020

The study of expertise has focused on the concept of specialization and specialists, both from a sociological and a biological perspective. It has been taken for granted that expertise concerns only specialization; even individuals characterized as “polymaths” or homo universalis are considered to be expert specialists in many fields. Can expert specialists in many fields exist today? This question is deceitful or irrelevant since it cannot accommodate the concept of individuals who are neither specialists nor “poly-specialists” but have knowledge of a different level: not analytic, but rather, synthetic and abstract. Here, a new type of expert is proposed, contributory expert generalist. Their necessity stems from the methodology of epistēmē proper. Their characteristics will be identified and discussed, some empirical examples will be given and their expert status is going to be discussed using various theoretical approaches on expertise, namely SEA, SEE and STS (Science of Exceptional Achievement, Study of Expertise and Experience, Science Technology and Society).

JPES

The distal method: From psychomotor education to motor expertise

Journal articleSelected publicationsSports science
Konstantinos G. Papageorgiou
Papageorgiou, K. G. (2019), Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19(1). doi: 10.7752/jpes.2019.01092.
Publication year: 2019

A unifying theoretical model for motor expertise attainment is presented. Based on an extensive theoretical background several practical applications are discussed examples are given and guidelines are proposed. The main tenets of this approach called “The Distal Method” is that motor expertise development should be based on i. processes that impact the future and not (necessarily) the present ii. motor skills and cognitive skills are coupled iii. emotions are the substrate for any development to take place. The basic tools of such an approach will be presented here which could act both as a guide and a model – or even a paradigm – for successfully developing and refining psychomotor skills from early on.